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Iceland is the second largest island in Europe. It lies close to the Arctic Circle and houses Europe’s biggest glacier, Vatnajökull.
Iceland covers a total area of 103.001 square kilometers. The coastline is about 6.000 km and the shortest distances to other countries are 286 km to Greenland.
Geologically Iceland is a relatively young country, and the formation is still going on. So you can see new lava along with landscape that was formed before the last ice age.
Iceland's interior consists entirely of mountains and high plateaus without human habitation. Its average height is 500 m + above sea level, the highest point is Hvannadalshnjúkur in the Óræfajökull glacier in South-East Iceland, reaching a height of 2.119 m.
Inhabitants of Iceland are approximately 332.529 (numbers from 1. January 2016) and about 200 thousand are living in the greater capital area, Reykjavík and vicinity.
The national language is Icelandic but English is commonly spoken, especially among younger generations. Icelandic is considered a very difficult language to learn, as it included words like forsætisráðherra (e. prime minister) and skemmtilegt (e. fun). But we Icelanders are very happy with you you learn at least one word. For example takk, which means thanks in English.
The currency is Icelandic króna, often marked ISK. They go from 1 ISK coin up to a 10.000 ISK bill. It helps that the bills have different colors red, blue, purple, green and multicolored.icelandic currency
The time zone is Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) all year round, everywhere.